Global environment has emerged as the third most important issue in global politics alongside security and economic issues and continues to be one of the central themes in global political economy. Central to contemporary global environmental politics is the issue of Climate Change because of its inextricable linkages to economic growth and development. Climate change has adverse impact on development and unsustainable development escalates climate change. In the context of development, particularly in the developing countries, climate change has serious consequences for poverty alleviation efforts and food security, and could lead to decoupling of economic growth and poverty alleviation. The analysis addresses two interrelated dimensions of the issue: first, what is climate change and why it is considered the most serious issue confronting humanity; and second, climate change and efforts to sustainably alleviate poverty. The policies to address climate change mitigation will have a positive effect on efforts to alleviate poverty. Therefore, it is important that inclusive development policies adapted to changing climate conditions are adopted to alleviate poverty.